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NHM Health Focus:
Colorectal Cancer

March 2009



 – All About Colon and Rectum Cancer (ACS)
 – Colorectal Cancer (MedlinePlus, NLM)
 – Fact Sheet Spanish (CRPF)
 – Stages of Colon Cancer (NCI)
 – Minorities and Colorectal Cancer (PreventCancer.org)

 – Colorectal Cancer Prevention (NCI)
 – Reducing Risks of Colorectal Cancer (MSKCC)

 – Colon and Rectal Cancer Treatment (NCI)
 – Treatment by Stage of Colon Cancer (ACS)

  – American Gastroenterological Association
  – American College of Gastroenterology
  – American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons
  – American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy
  – Cancer Research and Prevention Foundation
  – Foundation for Digestive Health and Nutrition
  – National Cancer Institute
  – National Colorectal Cancer Roundtable

Preventable. Treatable. Beatable! National Colorectal Cancer Awareness Month underscores the reality that while colorectal is the third leading cause of cancer-related deaths in the U.S., it is one of the most preventable cancers. (NCI)

  • Overall, the lifetime risk for developing colorectal cancer is about 1 in 19 (5.4%). This risk is slightly higher in men than in women. (ACS)
  • Young African Americans have higher than average incidence of, and death rate due to, colon and rectum cancer compared to other populations. (ACG)
  • The death rate (the number of deaths per 100,000 people per year) from colorectal cancer has been dropping for more than 20 years. (ACS)

To reduce your risk of colorectal cancer you can:

  • Participate in regular screenings that can find pre-cancerous and early cancerous conditions, when the chances for a full recovery are best. (CDC)
  • Exercise regularly and maintain a healthy weight. Increasingly, scientific evidence supports the conclusion that regular physical activity can reduce the risk of several cancers, particularly colon cancer, in both men and women. (CCPC)
  • Consume a healthy range of food. What you eat may have protective effects - Fruits and vegetables, folates, calcium, whole grains from breads, cereals, nuts and beans all have some evidence showing they may help prevent cancer and other diseases in general. (CRPF)
  • Stop smoking. Smoking cigarettes is linked to an increased risk of developing colorectal cancer. (NCI)

To help advance knowledge of the disease, its prevention and treatment, you can:

  • Participate in a clinical trial -- Participants are currently being recruited for clinical trials to increase knowledge of the prevention and treatment of colorectal cancer.

Related Access Excellence @ the National Health Museum resources include:

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